Pregnancy Essentials

Pregnancy and childbirth are mainly trouble-free however sometimes complications can occur, even in the later months of pregnancy.

While most problems can be picked up by routine tests at antenatal appointments, some develop unexpectedly. Knowing what to look out for and reporting it to your maternity team without delay can help you reduce the risk of serious illness and stillbirth (when a baby dies before he or she is born, after 24 weeks of pregnancy).

If any of these happen you should seek help straight away by contacting your midwifery unit.

Don’t wait until the next day if:

  • Your baby’s movements reduce, slow down or change
  • You have bleeding from the vagina
  • You have itching, even mildly (particularly on the hands and feet, but other areas of the body may be affected too). This could be a sign of a liver disorder called Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP, also called Obstetric Cholestasis)
  • You have watery, clear or coloured discharge that seems abnormal for you.
  • You have signs of pre-eclampsia.

Know the signs of pre-eclampsia:

  • Obvious swelling, especially affecting the hands and face or upper body
  • Severe headache that won’t go away, sometimes with vomiting
  • Problems with vision (blurring, flashing lights or spots difficulty in focussing)
  • Severe pain just below the ribs in the middle of your abdomen.

Call your maternity unit straight away if you experience any of the above. Please don’t wait until the next day.

Babies Movements

Did you know babies should not move less towards the end of pregnancy? If you think your baby’s movements have reduced, call your maternity unit straight away. Don’t wait to see what happens. You should be asked to go in for assessment.


Don’t rely on hand-held monitors, Dopplers or phone apps to check your baby’s heartbeat. They don’t always give a true picture of your baby’s health and you may be falsely reassured.

Stay Healthy

Eat for you – not for two. Try to swap unhealthy foods for healthier options and keep active. If you are overweight, don’t try to lose weight but eat healthily and stay active.


Stopping at any time in pregnancy will help give your baby the best start in life. The sooner you can stop, the better. Visit the MAMA website for support services.


The safest way to ensure your baby isn’t affected by alcohol is to not drink while you’re pregnant. If you are finding it hard to stop, ask for help from your midwife or GP.

Midwife Appointments

Attend all your antenatal appointments to help your midwife identify any potential problems that may need treating. You will then receive key information as your pregnancy progresses.


Don’t be afraid to tell your midwife if you have taken street drugs or other substances. It will be treated in confidence. The more she knows about your general health, the better she’ll be able to help you and your baby.


Don’t forget to book your free flu jab. It’s safe to have at any stage of pregnancy and some protection is passed onto your baby which lasts for the first few months of their life.


Have a safer pregnancy by avoiding contact with people with infectious illnesses, including diarrhoea, sickness, chickenpox or slapped cheek. If you have been in contact with someone with an infection, speak to your midwife or GP for advice.


Avoid infection. Wash your hands properly before and after handling food, before and after going to the toilet and after sneezing and blowing your nose.


Foods to avoid while pregnant:

  • Soft mould-ripened and soft blue veined cheeses
  • Raw or undercooked non lion marked eggs
  • Vitamin A supplements i.e fish liver oils
  • Liver and products that contain liver such as pate
  • Raw fruit and veg that haven’t been washed

 Call The Midwife

Write the number of your maternity unit on your MAMA Wellbeing Wallet so it’s always handy. It’s not an emergency number, but a number for you to use if you notice a change in your health or pregnancy. Visit our Call the Midwife page for symptoms that should be report straight away.