Monitoring your baby’s movement pattern is a lovely way to get to know your baby, as well as being a key indicator of your baby’s wellbeing.
During pregnancy, babies’ first movements happen any time between 16 and 24 weeks and gradually start to develop a pattern. It’s a myth that babies move less towards the end of pregnancy. You can start keeping track of your baby’s movement pattern from 24 weeks. Your midwife will ask about your baby’s movements at every appointment from 25 weeks onwards. If you think your baby’s movements have changed, don’t wait until your next appointment to report it.
If you think your baby’s movements have changed, slowed down or stopped, phone your maternity unit. Don’t wait until the next day to see what happens. The midwife at the unit should advise you to go in to be checked. Don’t worry about phoning – midwives would much rather you called than were worried.
If you’re unsure whether your baby has moved because you are having a busy day, find some space and time to lie on your left side and concentrate on your baby’s movements for up to an hour. Don’t wait any longer, even if you’re still not sure.
Don’t rely on hand-held monitors, phone apps or Dopplers at home to check your baby’s heartbeat. Even if they detect a heartbeat, this doesn’t mean your baby is well and you may be falsely reassured.
What Should Happen
Less than 24 weeks pregnant
Your midwife will check your baby’s heartbeat. An ultrasound scan may be arranged and you may be seen by a specialist to check your baby’s wellbeing if a problem is suspected.
Between 24 and 28 weeks pregnant
Your baby’s heartbeat will be checked and you will have a full check-up that should include:
- Checking the size of your baby by measuring your bump
- Checking your blood pressure
- Testing your urine for protein
If your baby is smaller than expected, an ultrasound scan may be arranged to check on your baby’s growth.
Over 28 weeks pregnant
1. You will be asked about your baby’s movements.
2. You will have an antenatal check-up, including checking your baby’s heartbeat and measuring the size of your bump.
3. Your baby’s heart rate will be monitored using a CTG, usually for at least 20 minutes.
You should not be discharged until you are happy with your baby’s movements again. You may also have an ultrasound scan if:
- Your baby is smaller than expected
- Your pregnancy has other factors that are associated with a higher risk of stillbirth
The ultrasound scan is normally done within 24 hours. These checks usually show that all is well. Most women who have one episode of reduction in their baby’s movements go on to have a healthy baby.
If you notice reduced movements again
If, after your check up, you notice that your baby’s movements have reduced again, contact your maternity unit straight away, no matter how many times this happens, even if everything appeared normal last time.
Please contact your maternity team for advice if you are carrying multiples, have an anterior placenta or if you have any concerns about your baby’s movement pattern.
You can also print this NHS leaflet “Feeling Your Baby Move” which we helped to develop.